The participation of the people in their own government was the more significant, because the colonies actually had what England only seemed to have, - three departments of government.
As often happens during a war, some parts of the country prospered, notwithstanding the constant loss.
The Stuart sovereigns of England steadily attempted to strengthen their power, and the resistance to that effort caused an immense growth of Parliamentary influence.
In government as well as in trade a new era came to the colonies in 1763.
In some of the middle colonies the towns and counties were both active and had a relation with each other which was the forerunner of the present system of local government in the Western States.
The growth of constitutional government, as we now understand it, was promoted by the establishment of two different sets of machinery for making laws and carrying on government.
More emphasis was thus thrown upon the local governments than in England.
In comparison with other men of their time, the Americans were distinguished by the possession of new political and social ideas, which were destined to be the foundation of the American commonwealth.
Few characters in history are indispensable.
From William of Orange to William Pitt the younger there was but one man without whom English history must have taken a different turn, and that was William Pitt the elder.
In appearance the labor system of all the colonies was the same.
In 1763 the English were the most powerful nation in the world.
Everywhere among the English-speaking race criminal justice was rude, and punishments were barbarous; but the tendency was to do away with special privileges and legal exemptions.
In each colony in 1750 were to be found two sets of governing organizations, - the local and the general.
One of the strongest and most persistent elements in national development has been that inheritance of political traditions and usages which the new settlers brought with them.