What the statesman is most anxious to produce is a certain moral character in his fellow citizens, namely a disposition to virtue and the performance of virtuous actions.
The virtue of justice consists in moderation, as regulated by wisdom.
Those who excel in virtue have the best right of all to rebel, but then they are of all men the least inclined to do so.
All virtue is summed up in dealing justly.
The moral virtues, then, are produced in us neither by nature nor against nature. Nature, indeed, prepares in us the ground for their reception, but their complete formation is the product of habit.
The good citizen need not of necessity possess the virtue which makes a good man.
The vices respectively fall short of or exceed what is right in both passions and actions, while virtue both finds and chooses that which is intermediate.
Of all the varieties of virtues, liberalism is the most beloved.