On the whole, the psychological work of the last quarter of the nineteenth century emphasized the study of consciousness to the neglect of the total life of intellect and character.
Some statements concern the conscious states of the animal, what he is to himself as an inner life; others concern his original and acquired ways of response, his behavior, what he is an outside observer.
The function of intellect is to provide a means of modifying our reactions to the circumstances of life, so that we may secure pleasure, the symptom of welfare.
The un-conscious distortion of the facts is almost harmless compared to the unconscious neglect of an animal's mental life until it verges on the unusual and marvelous.
Human beings are accustomed to think of intellect as the power of having and controlling ideas and of ability to learn as synonymous with ability to have ideas. But learning by having ideas is really one of the rare and isolated events in nature.
Just as the science and art of agriculture depend upon chemistry and botany, so the art of education depends upon physiology and psychology.
It will, of course, be understood that directly or indirectly, soon or late, every advance in the sciences of human nature will contribute to our success in controlling human nature and changing it to the advantage of the common weal.
Nowhere more truly than in his mental capacities is man a part of nature.
To the intelligent man with an interest in human nature it must often appear strange that so much of the energy of the scientific world has been spent on the study of the body and so little on the study of the mind.
Human education is concerned with certain changes in the intellects, characters and behavior of men, its problems being roughly included under these four topics: Aims, materials, means and methods.
Dogs get lost hundreds of times and no one ever notices it or sends an account of it to a scientific magazine.
Psychology helps to measure the probability that an aim is attainable.
The restriction of studies of human intellect and character to studies of conscious states was not without influence on a scientific studies of animal psychology.
Psychology is the science of the intellects, characters and behavior of animals including man.
Amongst the minds of animals that of man leads, not as a demigod from another planet, but as a king from the same race.