Herbert Hoover Quotes

Herbert Hoover

Herbert Clark Hoover (August 10, 1874 – October 20, 1964) was an American politician who served as the 31st president of the United States from 1929 to 1933. A Republican, he was previously the United States secretary of commerce, the director of the United States Food Administration, the chair of the Commission for Relief in Belgium, and a mining engineer. Born to a Quaker family in West Branch, Iowa, Hoover grew up in Oregon. In 1895, he became one of Stanford University's first graduates. He then took a position with a London-based mining company working in Australia and China and rapidly became a wealthy mining engineer. In 1914, the outbreak of World War I, he organized and headed the Commission for Relief in Belgium that provided food to occupied Belgium. When the United States entered the war in 1917, president Woodrow Wilson appointed Hoover to lead the Food Administration. He became famous as his country's "food czar". Afterward, Hoover led the American Relief Administration, which provided food to the starving millions in Central and Eastern Europe, especially Russia. Hoover's wartime service made him a favorite of many progressives, and he unsuccessfully sought the Republican nomination in the 1920 United States presidential election. In 1920, president Warren G. Harding appointed Hoover as secretary of commerce, and Hoover continued to serve under president Calvin Coolidge after Harding died in 1923. Hoover was an unusually active and visible cabinet member. He was influential in the development of air travel and radio. He led the federal response to the Great Mississippi Flood of 1927. Hoover won the Republican nomination in the 1928 presidential election and defeated Democratic candidate Al Smith in a landslide. In 1929, Hoover assumed the presidency during a period of widespread economic stability. However, during his first year in office, the stock market crashed, signaling the onset of the Great Depression, which dominated his presidency. Hoover responded by pursuing a series of economic policies in an attempt to lift the economy and scapegoated Mexicans for the depression, instituting policies and sponsoring programs of repatriation and deportation to Mexico. In the midst of the depression, Hoover was decisively defeated by Democratic nominee Franklin D. Roosevelt in the 1932 presidential election. Hoover's retirement of 31 years was one of the longest presidential retirements. He authored numerous works and became increasingly conservative in retirement. He also strongly criticized Roosevelt's foreign policy and New Deal domestic agenda. In the 1940s and 1950s, public opinion of Hoover improved largely due to his service in various assignments for presidents Harry S. Truman and Dwight D. Eisenhower, including chairing the Hoover Commission. Critical assessments of his presidency by historians and political scientists generally rank Hoover as a significantly below-average president although he has received praise for his actions as a humanitarian and public official.

Source: Wikipedia


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