I am sure it must be true that people opt out of the mainstream society because they feel that there are going to be no rewards for them, if they stay.
If people want to compete for leadership of a religious group, they can compete in piety. A chilling thought. Or funny.
Religion can make it worse. Are you supposing that if people were encouraged to believe in a transcendent reality, and to be encouraged by grand rituals and music and preaching, to love their neighbors, then they would put jealousy and frustration aside?
Enclave life becomes very tense, Even when they do elect a leader, the factions remain, with the threat of splitting off.
Islam is in principle egalitarian, and has always had problems with power.
Behind a leader there must be followers, but they should always be on the lookout for the main chance and ready to change sides if the current leader doesn't deliver.
If you want to change the culture, you will have to start by changing the organization.
Some scholars have been arguing that a civilizational clash between organized religions is the next step in human history.
The history of the Church of Rome is a constant leakage of members into such breakaway cults, which go on splitting.
Every year the progress of advanced capitalist society makes our population consist of more and more isolates. This is because of the infrastructure of the economy, especially electronic communications.
It is only partly true that religion does more harm than good in society. The community makes God into the image it wants, vengeful, or milky sweet, or scrupulously just, and so on.
Just in our lifetime our society has become looser and more private, it becomes extremely difficult to hold to any permanent commitment whatever, least of all to organized religion.
It seems true that the growth of science and secularism made organized Christianity feel under threat.
Mormons... are so strong, they can handle wealth, they are confident. I think it is because they are not bogged down by rules for equality, but have a firmly defined system of relative status and responsible command.
I have increasingly, over the years, felt that religion today does our civilization more harm than good.