For it is no railways, roads, and power stations that give rise to industrial capitalism: it is the emergence of industrial capitalism that leads to the building of railways, to the construction of roads, and to the establishment of power stations.
In fact, all the additional knowledge gained by an irrationally constituted society may but enlarge and enhance the powers of death and destruction.
Indeed, the whole bourgeoisie on whose behalf the government was acting as its committee was a composite of a vast multitude of businessmen appearing as a conglomeration of many different and divergent groups and interests.
The present Indian government, however, is neither able or willing to accept the challenge and to provide the leadership in breaking the resistance of urban and rural interests.
But when reason and the study of history began revealing the irrationality, the limitations, and the merely transitory nature of the capitalist order, bourgeois ideology as a whole and with it bourgeois economics began abandoning both reason and history.
One would think that the record of already existing regulatory agencies is sufficiently eloquent in showing that it is Big Business that does the regulating rather than vice versa.
Schumpter's daring and dashing entrepreneur is now a legendary figure from the distant past - if not from the mythology of capitalism - or is to be found only in the demimonde of business, founding new ice cream parlors or deep freeze subscription clubs.
That the means of imperialist policy overshadow almost entirely its original ends has tremendous implications.
To contribute to the emergence of a society in which development will supplant stagnation, in which growth will take the place of decay, and in which culture will put an end to barbarism is the noblest, and, indeed, the only true function of intellectual endeavor.
The alarm must be sounded because it is the economic and social system of capitalism and imperialism that prevents the urgently needed full mobilization of the potential economic surplus and the attainment of rates of economic advancement that can be secured with its help.
If society has a technical need, that helps science forward more than ten universities.
It is in underdeveloped world that he central, overriding fact of our epoch becomes manifest to the naked eye: the capitalist system, once a mighty engine of economic development, has turned into a no less formidable hurdle to human advancement.
Much if not all we know about the complex mechanism responsible for the development (and stagnation) of productive forces, and for the rise and decay of social organizations, is the result of the analytical work undertaken by Marx and by those whom he inspired.
By elevating the dictum of the market to the role of the sole criterion of rationality and efficiency, economics denies even all respectability to the distinction between essential and non-essential consumption, between productive and unproductive labor, between actual and potential surplus.
Indeed, I find it illuminating to consider to what extent our classical conditions for economic growth are satisfied in the current, monopolistic phase of capitalism.