I found it very offensive to my people. It makes the Negro childlike and innocent and is in the old plantation hallelujah shouter tradition.. The same old story, the negro singing his way to glory.
My father was a slave, and my people died to build this country, and I am going to stay here, and have a part of it just like you. And no Fascist-minded people will drive me from it. Is that clear?
Could I say that the reason that I am here today, you know, from the mouth of the State Department itself, is: I should not be allowed to travel because I have struggled for years for the independence of the colonial peoples of Africa.
At every step the vast majority have expressed horror at the idea of an aggressive war.
Yes, peace can and must be won, to save the world from the terrible destruction of World War III.
In Russia I felt for the first time like a full human being. No color prejudice like in Mississippi, no color prejudice like in Washington. It was the first time I felt like a human being.
My mother was born in your state, Mr. Walter, and my mother was a Quaker, and my ancestors in the time of Washington baked bread for George Washington's troops when they crossed the Delaware, and my own father was a slave.
And at home in the United States we found continued and increased persecution, first of leaders of the Communist Party, and then of all honest anti-fascists.
In fact, because of this deep desire for peace, the ruling class leaders of this land, from 1945 on, stepped up the hysteria and propaganda to drive into American minds the false notion that danger threatened them from the East.
We must join with the tens of millions all over the world who see in peace our most sacred responsibility.
I found a special eagerness among the younger, and I am sorry to say, the more intelligent Negroes, to dismiss the spiritual as something beneath their new pride in their race. It is as if they wanted to put it behind them as something to be ashamed of..
If the American Negro is to have a culture of his own he will have to leave America to get it.
Sometimes great injustices may be inflicted on the minority when the majority is in the pursuit of a great and just cause.