I know not how long a republican government can <br/>flourish among a great people who have not the Bible; the experiment has never <br/>been tried.
There is no social life outside of Christendom.
The right to have a slave implies the right in some one to make the slave; that right must be equal and mutual, and this would resolve society into a state of perpetual war.
It is true, indeed, that the national domain is ours. It is true it was acquired by the valor and with the wealth of the whole nation. But we hold, nevertheless, no arbitrary power over it.
The United States are a political state, or organized society, whose end is government, for the security, welfare, and happiness of all who live under its protection.
But assuming the same premises, to wit, that all men are equal by the law of nature and of nations, the right of property in slaves falls to the ground; for one who is equal to another cannot be the owner or property of that other.
But you answer, that the Constitution recognizes property in slaves. It would be sufficient, then, to reply, that this constitutional recognition must be void, because it is repugnant to the law of nature and of nations.
I deem it established, then, that the Constitution does not recognize property in man, but leaves that question, as between the states, to the law of nature and of nations.
Whatever policy we adopt, there must be an energetic prosecution of it. For this purpose it must be somebody's business to pursue and direct it incessantly.
I have learned, by some experience, that virtue and patriotism, vice and selfishness, are found in all parties, and that they differ less in their motives than in the policies they pursue.
But I deny that the Constitution recognizes property in man.
Douglas, no man will ever be President of the United States who spells 'negro' with two gs.
Love one another.
He is the most gentle-looking and amiable of men. Every word and look indicate sincerity of heart, even to guilelessness.
But there is a higher law than the Constitution, which regulates our authority over the domain, and devotes it to the same noble purposes.